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Woodworking Tips And Tools For Beginners (The Steps Are Easy!)

Woodworking defined

woodworking beginner

Even before modern times, wood is already one of the basic materials that humans worked on. From building their homes to using wood as part of their everyday lives such as hunting for food, eating or cooking.

Woodworking is basically an activity for creating items from wood. In modern times, you often see these as carpentry, cabinet making or furniture-making. And with the advancements in technology, woodworking has become much easier to execute and you’ll be able to carry on projects that you have always dreamed about.

Basic tips and tools for woodworking beginners

1. Knowing and understanding the tools you need :

Hand Tools

The basic definition of a hand tool is any tool that is powered by the hand. It’s a tool that is operated by manual labor rather than with the help of an engine. With woodworking, there are basic hand tools you must know and learn how to use. These include your tape measure and pencil, hand saw, sandpaper or sanding blocks, hammer, screwdrivers and chisels.

Power Tools

On the other hand, power tools are the ones operated with the use of an engine. The basic power tools used in woodworking that you need to get yourself familiarized with include a circular saw, drill, jigsaw, table saw and power sanders.

2. Pick an Easy Woodworking Projects for Beginners that you understand and you’re most interested in :

Creating something using wood as your material can give you limitless ideas of which projects to take in. It could be woodworking projects such as plant boxes for your garden or a well-crafted toy for your child or maybe a creative piece of furniture that you have designed yourself. The important thing to keep in mind is that it’s better to start with simple and small projects when you’re a beginner. This will give you that practice that you need and also get you into the routine of planning how to complete your project. And while you are at it, you’ll also get the chance to discover which project you are most interested and focused in doing. Read more projects from

3. Be sure to set up a clean and safe workstation for your woodworking projects :

With everything that you do in life, safety should always comes first. In starting woodworking projects, you must first set up a designated workstation and ensure that it’s always clean and safe. Unstable work tables, too many dangling cords, lack of storage for you tools are a few of the things that can jeopardize not only you work but also your safety when making these projects. Here are a few safety tips that you need to remember.

Wearing safety equipment and appropriate clothing

When it comes to safety equipment, the basics include safety gloves to protect you from any possible hand injuries. You’ll also need earplugs to protect your hearing from ear damaging noises. And let’s not forget protective glasses for your eyes. As for your clothing, it’s best not to wear loose-fitting clothes. You must also remember to avoid wearing jewelry while working.

Always unplug your power tools when not in use or when you’re changing blades or bits

Do not, by all means, leave a power tool plugged in when not in use or after a day’s work is done. The possibility of yourself or anyone inside your home running into a plugged in machine can be a disaster. You must also remember to unplug your power tools when it’s time to change a blade or bit. This very simple rule can save you from losing a finger or maybe even worse.

Always clean up after a day's work (check for nails, screws or wood pieces laying around)

Safety maybe the most important rule but you must not forget about cleanliness as well. Once you’re done for the day, make sure that you clean your workstation and keep your tools in their respective places. Check for nails, screws or wood pieces that are just lying around. It’s better that you avoid stepping on these things, so be mindful to keep the things you have used properly. As such, this basic rule of cleanliness should always be taken seriously.

Don’t work under the influence of drugs or alcohol

Focus and concentration are a must in all types of work. When doing a woodwork project always keep a clear mind. Your creativity will easily flow through your work if you always keep your mind fixed on your project. Being under the influence of any intoxicating substances won’t work wonders for you in completing your project. It’s better to steer clear from any substances that may impair your judgment while doing woodwork projects and also to keep you out of possible accidents or danger.

Basic skills for woodworking projects

woodworking project

1. Cutting :

There are several types of cuts that a beginner has to learn for woodworking. The basic ones are the straight cuts, angled and curved cuts. Every type has its own purpose and is made by using different tools. In reducing large pieces of wood into smaller ones, you’ll also use straight cuts which are either rip cuts or crosscuts. On the other hand, angled cuts are mostly used for making joints and curved cuts are used mostly for decorative purposes.

2. Drilling :

Learning how to properly drill holes is another crucial skill that you should learn for your woodworking project. It may sound easy but you must ensure to drill the right depth in the right place every time. A cordless drill is the most basic tool you must have for this type of job. It’s easy to use, long lasting and since it is cordless, you can take it anywhere.

3. Sanding

To make your woodwork project free from burrs and splinters, sanding the wood is important. There are many types of sanders but the cheapest and most basic is the hand sander. Hand sanders are best for small pieces. For a larger pieces and a more powerful sander, you can opt for a belt sander. The grit of the sandpaper determines how fine it is. It usually ranges from 20 to 1000, with 20 as extremely coarse and 1000 as the finest. For finishing touches on your project, sanding with a grit of 200 will smooth things out easily.

4. Painting

After sanding your project, the finishing touch usually comprises of just painting it. This will give your woodwork piece that professional and well-finished look you want to achieve. You can choose from using a latex paint which is used in general applications and is water-based. It adheres to most materials and is very durable.

Another type is the oil-based paint which is best used for painting over previous coats. After choosing which paint will be perfect for your finished woodwork pieces, you should also consider the level of sheen for your paint. This ranges from flat to gloss. The paint with glossier sheen has greater durability which makes it more washable. A flatter paint on the other hand is easier to do touch-ups on and hides surface imperfections better.

Bearing these knowledge in mind along with your will to learn and master these skills will now put you on the right path in carrying out that woodwork project you are planning to do. As such, learning new things and gaining new skills will be more exciting and possible if you put your passion and drive into it. With all of these combined, creating wondrous woodwork pieces is now within your reach.

Ultimately, planning and working towards completing a project maybe tiring and at most times, may also give you challenges along the way. However, always remember to keep everything light and find ways to enjoy your time and have fun while working on your project. Things that are created out of joy always come out great. We hope that you picked up many useful things from this article and we’re looking forward to hearing your thoughts about the things that we have shared with you.

Share with us your first woodworking project experience by sounding it on the comment section below! Until then, happy woodworking!

How To Paint and Treat Your Fence

When the summer rolls around, it’s the perfect time to set to work on your fence.

If you take your time with any painting or treatment, it can actually be rather therapeutic.

Fences act as great dividers in the garden. Not only do they serve as effective barriers between properties, they can also be used to great effect to partition off sections of the garden.

Outdoor timber can take a real battering from the elements. Rain and wind give your fence a hard life. With the proper preparation and treatment, you can extend the lifespan of your fence without undue effort.

Does The Fence Belong To You?

paint the fencce

Before you get busy with your paintbrush, check out that the fence is actually your responsibility.

Laws vary from country to country.

It pays to closely study the deeds and ownership of any boundary fences should be clearly marked.

How about if your neighbor owns the fence but fails to conduct proper maintenance? Try asking them to give you permission to paint or stain your side. Remember, if you don’t own the fence you could be asking for trouble by simply taking action without asking first.

Treating Your Fence: Preparation

Cover any plants with plastic sheeting. You might need to cut back any intruding foliage to make your life easier.

Use plant ties or canes to pin back any plants that are hanging over the fence panels.

Get rid of any old nails or screws in the wood first.

Sand down any rough patches and splinters. Get things as smooth as you can. This will make the treatment take better.

With an old fence, you’ll need to strip any previous treatments or paint back to the bare wood before applying a new treatment.

Clean the fence thoroughly. You can use a pressure washer or clean it by hand with a good solid brush.

You might need to use some fungicide to see off any fungi, lichen or moss. Use a fence cleaner to scour away any mold. It’s crucial that you let the fence dry out completely before you start any treatment or painting.

Apply wood preservative on any bare wood. This will stave off future rot or decay and make sure your fence lasts the test of time.

Pull any garden furniture out of the way then you’re good to go.

When To Paint or Treat Your Fence

It’s ideal to work on your fence when it’s dry but not excessively hot.

If you choose to work in the direct sunlight then the wood treatment or paint can dry too quickly.

Avoid working in the rain completely.

What Treatment Works Well?

When it comes to painting and treating your fence, you will come across many different products vying for your attention.

Look for high quality stain that will protect your timber rather than just applying a lick of color.

What Color Paint Should You Use?

This really comes down to personal preference.

Some people want their fence to look as natural as possible and to blend in. Others like to pick off certain colors like that of the decking or garden shed to use for the fence.

Think about what look you would like best and take your time to test out any colors you fancy before committing yourself.

To Spray or Not To Spray?

Small paint sprayers can be an extremely quick and efficient way of painting outdoors but is it right for you?

You need to think about the issue of overspray. With many paint sprayers, the transfer rate sees as little as 30% of the paint making its way onto the intended surface.

Think about an airless sprayer if you want to go down this route.

Overall, it’s probably a smart move to stick to a soft brush. You can get accurate results without needing to devote too long to painting.

If you have a particularly large expanse of fence to deal with, it might pay to invest in a sprayer. Check that the paint is designed for use with the sprayer and, for obvious reasons, don’t get to work if it’s windy.

How To Paint Your Fence

How to paint your fence

Before you launch in, test a small area of the fence first to make sure that the treatment is the correct color and that it sticks to the wood nicely.

Start with the top edge of your fence and paint all the vertical panels first.

Come across from left to right and paint each panel from top to bottom.

Be sure to focus on one panel properly and to do one side then the other.

After the stain has dried – normally about 12 hours – you can go ahead and apply a second coat for optimum results.

Remember, it’s false economy to use an old or worn brush. You’ll end up with the bristles falling out and a patchy, uneven coverage.

Keep your paintbrush clean as you work and always clean it thoroughly afterward. Use a thinner for best effect.

If you encounter any stray plants, try wedging them back as you paint with some cardboard. This should keep them temporarily out of the way.


We hope you have found this glance at painting and treating your fence useful and informative.

Taking your time is key to getting a nice neat finish so get the best brush or paint sprayer for the job and get painting!

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The Growth and Structure of Wood

We’re going to go back to basics and start a series of articles all about wood, without which you wouldn’t be using your framing nailer.

The tree is truly unique in the plant kingdom both in terms of its size and also its incredible longevity.

There are over 44,000 known species of trees ranging from the Alaskan dwarf pine at a paltry 1m through to the colossal 120m high California redwood.

Some trees can live for thousands of years.


We’ll start out today by looking at some key elements of the growth and structure of this magnificent natural material.

Structure of Wood


The outermost layer of the tree is called bark.

The core function of this bark is to protect the inner tissue from extremes of temperature. It can also help to protect the tree against some diseases.

The inner bark is called phloem. The role of this inner bark is to conduct the synthesized food from the leaves on throughout the rest of the tree. It also serves to facilitate gaseous exchanges.


This is the actual growing layer of the tree.

A thin and delicate tissue, the cambium is responsible for the production of new wood. This happens in both directions, outwards toward the phloem and inwards to the sapwood.

Thanks to the cambium, the tree trunk becomes more substantial along with the branches for the duration of the growing season. This season extends throughout spring and summer in temperate areas.


The sapwood is distinguishable from the main part of the tree – the heartwood – since it’s paler in color.

The chief function of the sapwood is to conduct mineral salts from the roots of the tree to the leaves.

The sapwood can reach up to 2 inches wide and even wider still in some tropical species.


The heartwood is found within the sapwood.

Made up of dead cells, the heartwood gives support, stability and also stores food.

Most timber comes from the heartwood.

The medulla or pith lies at the center of the heartwood. Although it’s usually invisible to the naked eye, you can just about make out the pith in a few species.

Growth Rings

The cambium or growing layer has annual growth rings to correspond with the age of the tree.

Disease or drought can wreak havoc with the growth of a tree. In these instances, the growth rings become quite narrow.

Some More Facts About Trees

Trees are no different from other plants in that they depend on photosynthesis to produce new cells and to grow.

The growing points of a tree are known as the primary meristems and they are responsible for the height of the tree. They can be found at the tip of the trunk and also on each branch and twig.

When it comes to increasing the girth of the tree, the cambium (secondary meristems) produce new sapwood and phloem throughout the growing season. This new wood is laid down in the form of growth rings.

The study of the way in which trees grow is dendrochronology. This can provide us with a highly accurate record of environmental conditions in addition to the biological incidents in a tree’s life (as well as any trauma).

The heartwood, as the name would suggest, is at the very center of the tree. Oils and resins are found in the heartwood along with latex, gums and dyes. Most of these are extracted when the tree is felled. Latex, though, is tapped from living trees.

The color of the wood is affected by some of the gums and resins inside.

Mineral deposits, on the other hand, can lead to hard or soft patches in the wood which is not such good news.

Most trees grow in pretty much the same way but they can be divided roughly into distinct classifications…

Conifers or Gymnosperms

These more primitive trees are cone-bearing with needle leaves. They are also known as softwoods.


These trees can be further divided into two…

  1. Monocotyledons: Palms and grasses are included in this classification of tree. This means that they hold little interest for most woodworkers
  2. Dicotyledons: These broad-leaved deciduous trees are also referred to as hardwoods.

It should be noted that the terms softwood and hardwood are botanical terms which do not reflect the actual physical properties of the tree. Many softwoods have far harder wood than hardwoods making it really rather confusing!

Texture of Wood

Trees have extremely varied patterns of growth and this becomes evident when we examine the huge range of wood textures.

Even-textured wood generally means that there is little contrast between wood produced at the beginning of the growing season – this is known as earlywood – or the latewood that occurs later on.

When there is a more marked contrast, the wood tends to have a much more uneven texture.

When wood is described, the texture is often differentiated as either fine textured or coarse textured. It’s the size of the cells and the width of the rays that make up this distinction in texture. Large cells and wide rays lead to coarse textured wood while fine textured has small cells and thin rays.


We hope you have found this glance at the make-up of trees and the way in which they grow to be useful and informative.

Get in touch if you have any queries at all or if there is anything you would like us to cover on this new site. We will be attempting to cover all aspects of wood not just tools and hope that as the site grows, this will become a handy reference point for you in terms of all aspects of woodworking.

We always welcome feedback and respond to any email as quickly as we can.

Come back for more in our series on the mechanics of wood with plenty of framing nailers for you to choose from when it comes to taking on woodworking projects commercially or at home.

How to Avoid Splitting the Wood with a Nail Gun

Anyone who’s spent time in a wood shop knows the feeling. Working with that perfect piece of wood, the project is coming along great until . . . bam. The wood splits, shooting splinters off in all directions and ruining the log.

As an experienced woodsman, I’ve learned a thing or two about the best practices on how to avoid splitting the wood with a nail gun, and I’m going to share those tips with you here. Just remember, don’t give up when it happens – learn from your mistakes and incorporate these hints on your next project. It’ll make a world of difference.

May you need: 5 best wood routers review on the market 2017

Step by step guide: How to avoid splitting the wood with a nail gun?

  • Don’t use a nail that is too big for the job. Using a nail with a diameter larger than necessary is the easiest way to split the wood right off the bat. This is an amateur mistake, but luckily it’s easy to avoid. During the planning process, consider how thick the wood is and the other pieces of the project that will be connected, and buy nails that are an appropriate size. There’s no sense in driving a 20d nail into a thin ½” plank. When it comes to working with a nail gun, less is more.
  • Cut the wood so as to avoid nailing through knobs and bumps. You want to use the gun to drive the nail into smooth, flat pieces of wood. Grain that changes direction or isn’t consistent with the flow of the wood is going to split open much more easily, and even if you do manage to get the nail in clean, the odds that it’ll split down the line are incredibly high. The softer the wood, the more flexible it is and the fewer knobs it will have.
  • The same goes for moisture. The drier the wood, the less flexible and the more likely to split it is. To avoid splitting the wood with a nail gun, the best types of wood to use are Pine, Douglas Fir, and Southern. You don’t want the board to be soaking wet, but a natural amount of moisture is a good thing. Storing the wood in a humid area overnight before drilling is a good idea if the wood is dry or if you live in a dry climate.
  • Pre-drilling is safe drilling! To loosen the wood up a bit, it can help to pre-drill a small hole in the spot you hope to drive a nail through. Not only does this help with prepping the wood, it also gives you a sense of whether or not you’re drilling in a good spot. Make sure your pre-drill is not wider in diameter than the nail you’ll be using for the actual drill, though – that’ll do a number on your spot and make it unusable.
  • If the wood begins to crack, back the nail out. Be sure to do this immediately, because it is possible to save the piece of wood if you catch the crack right away. To avoid splitting the wood with a nail gun any further, locate a new spot on the piece of wood. Hopefully, the area that began to crack is near the end of the piece so that you can saw it off and prevent the crack from spreading any further. Often, drilling further down towards the center of the board is a good idea because the wood is more congealed and less likely to crack. Near the end, where it has been previously cut, a bad drill will more easily crack the wood. You may be able to use a wood screw to salvage.
  • Blunt and lubricate the nail before drilling. You want the least amount of friction possible when using a nail gun, especially as a beginner. To help avoid splitting the wood with a nail gun, you want the nail to cut through the board instead of wedging its way through like a knife. This keeps the board congealed. The first step here is to dull the nail by placing it on the edge of your work table with the point facing up. Take a hammer or other solid blunt object and hit the end of the nail with it a few times until it loses some of its sharpness. After this step is complete, rub some petroleum jelly on the nail (just a bit) to keep it nice and lubricated for the drilling. This cuts down on friction, especially with harder woods like maple, oak, or birch.

The types of nails to use

There are dozens of different types of nails you can use to drill through wood. Diameter and length are what matters for your project, and these are typically measured in millimeters. Generally, you’ll be using nails between 4D and 60D for these types of projects. Because thinner nails are less likely to split the wood, I recommend using the thinnest nails possible- closer to 10-12D. If measuring in the gauge of the nail, the opposite is true- much like piercings, the lower the gauge, the bigger the nail. For thinner wood with reasonable moisture, a gauge of about 9 should do, depending on the thickness of the board. Also, keep in mind that the longer the nail is, the better the chance it will split wood.


Now that you have a grasp on how to avoid splitting the wood with a nail gun, you’re ready to get back in the shop and finish that project. Remember to plan ahead when buying both wood and nails, and make sure they will work together. You don’t need a super thick or long nail for a thin piece of wood. Ask an employee at the hardware store to make sure you’re buying the right nails for the job.

I hope you have enjoyed this article.

If you discover any tips along the way, please share them here, and SHARE this article with your friends to help them avoid wood splitting.

Brad Nailer Vs Framing Nailer

Nail guns are efficient and powerful pieces of equipment that save valuable time and effort during construction projects. There was a time when people had to complete various tasks manually using hammers, a slow task in comparison.  By using a nail gun, you can drive hundreds of nails through any kind of material, whether wood or metal surfaces, in a short amount of time. If you have never worked with a nail gun before, “how to choose a nail gun” will be the most important question to answer.

Two of the most popular nail guns are brad nailers and framing nailers. So, if a choice is given to purchase one or the other, you must be familiar with their functions and differences.

choose a nail gun

Choose a Nail Gun Between Brad Nailer Vs Framing Nailer

Brad Nailer:

A Brad nailer is an instrument that is often used for trimming and finishing. It is sometimes known as a stapler. This is a significant carpentry tool that must be present in your tool box. You can use it for working on doors, moldings, or even for making small furniture. Brad nailers are lightweight devices with many applications. Its efficiency and low price make it attractive for many customers. It is specially designed for precision work.

Framing Nailer:

While working on projects that are required to be completed in less time, choosing a framing nailer is wise. A framing nailer is a specific kind of nail gun that is made for the accomplishment of large construction projects. It can nail together large pieces of material in a short time, and is used for subflooring, sheathing, and framing. These tools are known for their accuracy and speed.

Brad Nailer Vs Framing Nailer: Which one is better?

Most of the brad nailers and framing nailers are pneumatic that means they use compressed air as their power sources. Both are lightweight, handheld devices but they differ on the basis of tasks they perform. How to choose a nail gun solely depends upon the project you are working on.

Task Performed:

  • Brad nailers are mostly used for trimming and molding. They are used in construction tasks like making doors, windows frames, and casings, or for small renovation around the house. Chairs and tables can also be made using a brad nailer.
  • Framing nailers are often used for construction jobs that require more force and take days to finish. This includes fencing, decking, sheathing and framing.

Types of Nails Used:

  • Brad nailers use small-sized nails, because they are often used in finishing jobs. The nails are either headless or they have narrow heads. Because of this, they are hardly noticeable on the surface.
  • Framing nails are generally longer because of the nature of work they do. These nails are heavier gauge nails and are used for heavy duty tasks. They have greater holding strength.


  • Brad nailers aren’t the right kind of tool to work with when you have to frame stud walls. The power that these nailers possess is insufficient. The nails used in brad nailers are too small for nailing large pieces of wood or other surfaces together.
  • A framing nailer is a very powerful tool that has the ability to nail together large and thick pieces of wood.

Trimming and Finishing:

  • When there is a need for doing some trimming or finishing around the house, choose a nail gun that is suitable to do the job without causing any kind of damage to the surface. The appropriate type of nails allows a brad nailer to drive a nail through the wood without the risk of damaging it.
  • A framing nailer isn’t fitting for doing any kind of finish work. The nails are too large to carry out such delicate tasks. There is always a danger of damaging the wood that would end up looking very unattractive.


There are a lot of different types of nail guns. Each one distinguishes itself by its unique features. Some are used for roofing, while others are good for framing or finishing. Brad nailers and framing nailers both have a number of advantages and disadvantages. They both are useful in different ways. Each of the distinct features are appropriate for different kinds of tasks. So, when the situation arises where you have to choose a nail gun, make the decision wisely.

How to Compare Framing Nailers

A nail gun used to join two pieces of any kind of material in quick and efficient manner is called a framing nailer. The introduction of framing nailers was a boost in the world of construction. They are highly efficient and durable tools. They are used in every single construction job, large or small. When it comes to choosing the best framing nailer, the task can be quite complicated as there are so many options available to consider. There’s no reason to compare framing nailers unless you want to purchase the best one, so read on and learn what you need to pay attention to.

Factors to compare framing nailers

Compare Framing Nailers

Coil Nailers Vs Stick Nailers:

  • A framing nailer with coiled nails is called a coiled nailer. These nails get their name from the specific way in which they are arranged in a clip. They are wrapped in the form of a roll, while the nailer has an adjustable canister that makes it possible for the nailer to accommodate a very large number of nails. Two thin wires are used for holding the nails together.
  • The advantage that Coiled nailers have over Stick nailers is that they can shoot more nails between reloads, which reduces the time spend on each task. However, if a nail gun carries hundreds of nails, it won’t be light anymore and will be very difficult to hold and can result in soreness.
  • Stick nailers use a row of inserted nails. Plastic, thin wire, or strips of paper arrange the nails. Their magazines are longer. Stick nailers hold fewer nails than coiled nailers, so during long projects the excessive reloading can waste time. But, they are easy to wield even when the magazine is full. They come in two varieties: angled and straight.

Pneumatic Nailers Vs Non-Pneumatic Nailers:

When we compare framing nailers on the basis of a power source, two major options are available. Choose based on the time required to complete a task.

  • Out of all the framing nailers on sale in the market, most of them are pneumatic. These nailers use air for power, so they require an air compressor. They work well for prolonged use, as the constant power means there is no need for battery or fuel cells replacements.
  • Non-pneumatic nail guns use either fuel or electricity to function. They are portable, as there are no air compressors to carry around. Cordless electric or fuel-powered nailers are especially useful to work in tight spaces, because they are light and burden-free. They give you more freedom of movement and are ideal for house projects.

Degree Differences:

If you are comparing framing nailers on the basis of their degree differences, four types exist.

21 Degree Nail Guns:

These nailers use round head nails with greater holding strength. A plastic strip assembles the nails in the gun. The strip snaps loose from a nail every time you fire it.

28 Degree Nail Guns:

In 28-degree nail guns, a wire assembles nails in a clip. The nails are loose and have some distance between them, unlike other nail guns. Consequently, the magazines of such nailers are usually longer. You can work in tighter spaces with these, because of the angle.

30 and 34 Degree Nail Guns:

These framing nailers are easy to carry around in comparison with others. This amazing feature minimizes the struggle of working with framing nailers. They use full round head nails that with a strip of paper to bind them. Nails are close together in the clips.  Like 28-degree nail guns, their large angles allow a user to easily work in tighter spaces.


Purchasing a framing nailer for the first time is a complex task. If you have no experience in the matter, the variations in nail guns can puzzle you a lot.  We compare framing nailers on the basis of their various features. It’s up you to decide which one is most appropriate for finishing your task efficiently.

Learn About Nail Heads: Clipped Head VS Round Head

The invention of the framing nailer improved the lives and work of carpenters and construction workers worldwide. Nail guns became popular because of their efficiency, performance, and minimum muscle effort involved. Choosing an appropriate nail gun is tricky, but very important.

You can differentiate nail guns based on their size, power source, purpose, and the type of nails they use. People commonly categorize nails depending on the type of material, size, shanks, or shape of the nail heads.

No matter whether you are doing the construction job manually with a hammer or using some efficient nail gun, selection of nails is a task that requires great care. For now, I am going to shed light only on the differences of nails based on the type of nail heads.

Nail Head:

nail heads

A nail head is the top of the nail that you can see when when you’re driving it through a surface. On the basis of nail heads used in framing nailers, the nails come in main two kinds:

-Clipped head nails

-Full round-head nails

Selecting a nail gun on the basis of nails is a painful task. There is a great debate going on about the topic. Below I have mentioned some of the pros and cons of both types of nails that will make the choice easier for you.

Clipped Head Nails:

In clipped-head nails, one side of the head is round; however, the other slide is clipped, off making it a D-shaped head. In the nail gun’s magazine, the nails are kept together by placing the nail heads very close to each other. This leaves no gap between the shanks. To hold the nails in place, a paper strip wraps around them.


  • More nails are packed in a nail gun magazine. You don’t have to reload after short intervals. This particular quality provides great productivity and saves a lot of time.
  • The magazines of nailers using clipped-head nails are generally smaller. Therefore, the nail guns are lighter and more portable.
  • The manufacturing of clipped-head nails costs less than round-head nails. Hence, their price is lower in comparison with round-head nails.
  • Working with clipped-head nails is cleaner, as they are paper-collated and the paper usually disappears.


  • They have less holding strength. Clipped-head nails aren’t as suitable for areas where heavy wind blows. The building codes of hurricane-prone regions restrict their use.
  • When misfired, pulling out a clipped head nail is a difficult task, as the head might break.

Round Head Nails:

The nail heads are fully round. For collating these nails, a wire or plastic is used. Because of their round heads, there is a space maintained between the shanks of the nails. Some building codes emphasize on the use of round-head nails.


  • The large surface area on round-head nails makes them a better choice in areas that witness hurricanes often. Their holding power is better than the clipped head nails.
  • They reduce the probability of overdrive in shear walls.
  • In the case of human error like misfiring, pulling out the nail is a lot easier, as the round head doesn’t break off easily.


  • You can’t shoot as many nails before reloading, as the magazine can’t carry a large number of nails. This can waste time.
  • While working with plastic-collated round-head nails, small pieces of plastic embed themselves in the surface of the material you are working on.


There is a lot of debate going on about which type of nails is a better choice for construction jobs. People have different opinions regarding this issue. Some people are in favor of nail heads that are clipped. Others think that because of greater strength, round head nails are a better option. But, before making a choice, you must consider the building codes of the region.

5 Must-Know Nail Gun Safety Tips

The invention of nail gun has made life easier for carpenters. This powerful and easily operable tool has increased productivity in construction jobs. Large scale projects which previously took up several months of manual work can now be finished in weeks or even days! The nail guns have revolutionized our construction industry.

But, with benefits always comes a cost.

Nail guns are very powerful devices. A little negligence while using them can lead to injuries that are sometimes even fatal. Tens of thousands of workers are injured every year. Each day, many people visit the emergency room because of nail gun injuries. Such unfortunate accidents can be minimized by following a few nail gun safety tips.

The nail gun injuries are most common on residential sites. Estimates have shown that 2/3rds of the injuries occur during framing or sheathing. Workers are often injured while being careless in roofing, finishing, or exterior siding of houses. Out of all the nail gun injuries, more than half are to the hand and fingers. Leg, thigh, knee, foot and toe injuries are also very common. Some injuries are so serious they can lead to blindness, paralysis, fractures, or even death.

nail gun safety

Causes of Nail gun injuries:

Before going into detail about the nail gun safety tips, you should know about what causes nail gun injuries.

  • To compensate the recoil, most of the new workers push too hard on the tool. Because of this, double firing occurs. It is common with contact nail guns. The unintended firing may hurt the person who is using the gun.
  • While working with contact or single actuation trigger nail guns, unintentional nail discharge may occur. Nail guns with these trigger mechanisms will fire if the trigger is held or squeezed.  The safety contact tip accidentally gets pushed into an object or even a person like your co-worker.
  • When you are holding the lumber you are working on, there is always a risk of nail penetration into hand instead of the work piece.
  • Nails sometimes become projectiles. While working on hard surfaces, there is always a hazard that nails will bounce off the surface and strike another object or a person.
  • Sometimes the tip of the nail doesn’t come in full contact with the work piece. This results in the nail becoming airborne.

Nail Gun Safety Tips:

You can avoid many injuries if you follow some simple nail gun safety tips. These will greatly decrease the chances of unfortunate accidents.

  1. Choice of trigger:

On the basis of triggering mechanisms, nail guns are categorized into four types. These trigger mechanisms differ based on the order in which the controls activate. Triggers can often cause premature nailing if you aren’t an experienced worker. This leads to many injuries. It is advisable that inexperienced people work with full sequential triggers, because it will immensely reduce the chances of unintentional nail discharge or double fires.

  1. Wear proper Safety Equipment:

One of the most important nail gun safety considerations is using the right safety equipment. Do not use a nail gun unless you are wearing safety equipment! Many eye and ear injuries are avoided by using goggles and earplugs or earmuffs. Gloves, helmets or hard hats, and special boots are all recommended when you’re using a nail gun.

  1. Proper Training:

Training is necessary for performing any task safely and effectively. Whether new or experienced, you should learn about the possible risks involved in nailing. Hands-on training with different kinds of nail guns is helpful. You should become educated about how to differentiate between different kinds of nailers and triggers.

  1. Reporting Accidents:

Most people who suffered from nail gun injuries do not report them. If you’re a construction employee, report any accidents on construction sites and encourage your co-workers to do this as well. It will bring other job site risks to contractor’s knowledge. This can help in preventing additional injuries.

  1. Providing medical treatment:

Another nail gun safety tip is seeking medical attention immediately in case of a nail gun injury. Sometimes the real injuries are not visible. There are chances that a nail strip, plastic, or a small piece of cloth remains embedded in the wound. This can lead to infections. Incorrect removal of barbs on nails can also cause secondary injuries. If proper medical guidance and treatment are received in time, such complications can be prevented.


On one hand, nail guns have increased productivity. On the other, the chances of injuries have been increased. Slight carelessness can cause severe and painful injuries. Some of them can be fatal, although most are not. By following nail gun safety tips, the chances of injuries can be reduced greatly!

Learn About Framing Nailer Degree Differences

Human beings are surrounded by technologies that have cut down their immense day to day struggle. Today a man is living a life far better than his forefathers. Everyday, new advancements show up in various fields of life. The construction and woodwork industries enjoy the benefits of science and technology just as other industries. Among the many tools that assist men in accomplishing construction jobs, the framing nailer is a great one. The time and energy you spend on driving a nail through some material has been minimized by using a framing nailer. In short, it boosts productivity.

When it comes time for you to choose an appropriate framing nailer, the varieties in the market are confusing. These efficient appliances are given different power sources, applications, and framing nailer degree.

Pneumatic nailers, cordless, and electric nailers are three categories when it comes to distinguishing it on the grounds of a power source. Framing nailers are designed and applied in six different ways. In regards to the framing nailer degree, there are four major types.

A framing nailer works better and is more accurate than a hammer. When you work with a hammer, there is always a chance of the nail getting bent. Using a framing nailer saves you from this problem, and it also speeds up construction and woodworking jobs.

How does the framing nailer degree affect a nail gun? I will explain why the degree matters and how to choose the right framing nailer degree below.

framing nailer degree

Framing Nailer Degree Differences:

As of now, four different degrees of framing nailers are available in the market for purchase.

21 Degree nailing Guns:

In quality and performance, these framing nailers are no different from others. They are fast, efficient and reliable. The nails appropriate for this tool are size 2 to 3-1/4 inch full head nails. A plastic strip holds together the row or clip of nails. When a nail gun is fired, the plastic strip snaps lose from the nail. This type of nail guns is useful in doing construction and woodwork jobs. These are usually Duo-Fast and Porter Cable brands.

30 and 34 Degree nailing Guns:

30 and 34-degree guns are little lighter than others. This makes them portable and efficient to use. Because of their weight, they minimize the pain your muscles experience while working.  Like 21-degree nail guns, they also work with full head nails. Unlike 21 and 28-degree nail guns, these use a paper strip to hold the nails together. There is a slight difference in the length of the magazines. The large angles allow the nail gun to fit in tighter spaces.

28 Degree nailing Guns:

The 28-degree framing nailer allows you to nail in tight spaces which are difficult with a 21-degree nailer. A wire holds the strips of nails together. The length of the magazine is a little longer as the nails inside are not held tightly together. Instead, they are farther apart.  These guns include the Bostich brand.


You can’t deny the usefulness of a framing nailer. This powerful tool replaced the hammer for most applications. It minimizes the muscle effort that you put into driving in a nail. It cuts down hours of exhausting work from your projects. Nailers are useful for roofing, installing wooden floors, sheathing, and siding of houses among other things. They are also great for small household jobs like repairing furniture, fixing broken cupboards, or making small models for school projects.

If you are tired of doing the manual work with a hammer and you want to buy a framing nailer, the above-mentioned knowledge is beneficial for you. Selecting from different framing nailer degree guns is your personal choice. All the guns are capable of accomplishing different tasks in the best possible manner. These guns use different size nails (2- ¾ and 3- 1/4). If you want to work in tight spaces, the large angle guns are the right choice for you.

Different Types of Nail Guns and How They’re Used

There was a time when the most common tool for construction was a hammer. Hammers do the job done, but at the expense of time and energy. Using hammers, the simple task of driving a nail into a thick wooden plank becomes tedious and very time-consuming. A better tool has replaced hammers effectively – the nail gun.

A nail gun is a significant addition to your tool box. Fast and highly productive, different types of nail guns are useful for small and large scale projects alike. Each type of nail gun can do a specific project, and you should choose your nail gun while considering your normal projects. I am going to introduce you to different types of nail guns so you can choose your required tool.

Different types of nail guns

Different types of nail guns:

In the market, there are different types of nail guns available for fencing, roofing, constructing decks or designing small models. These nail guns share some common features, but most of them are specially designed for completing specific tasks.

  • Framing nail gun

Framing nail gunsWhether you are a pro or a DIY lover, ultimately you’ll need a nail gun that is capable of driving hundreds of nails within a small amount of time. A framing nail gun is a must have tool among different types of nail guns. Heavy wooden construction and large maintenance projects are difficult to complete without a framing nail gun. These nailers vary in degrees, power source, and triggers. Some of them get power from compressed air (pneumatic framing nailers) and you can use them for bigger projects; others get power electrically or with fuel and you will use these where portability is required. Some framing nail guns are cordless and they get power from  a rechargeable battery appropriate for small projects. This last type is used effectively in every nook and cranny of the house where corded or pneumatic nailers have no access.

  • Roofing nail gun

Roofing nail gunThis type of nail gun is used to drive in roofing nails. Because they travel up to the roof of the building, light-weight and portability are essentials. Instead of straight magazines, coiled nails are attached. Normally, large round head nails go into this type of nail gun to fulfill the requirements of roofing. A dial setting adjusts the depth of nails to prevent shingle damage from deep driven nails.

  • Finish nail gun

Finish nail gunFinish nailers are essential tools for carpenters and furniture makers. They are capable of driving high-gauge nails for trimming and other detail work. These nail guns can drive nails neatly in oak and pine wooden pieces alike. Finish nail guns accept a variety of different shapes of nail heads and nail sizes. 16-gauge finish nailers are common in furniture making and other carpentry jobs.

  • Flooring nail gun

Flooring nail gunThese specially designed nail guns can fire nails at right angles while standing on the floor. The flooring nail guns are T-shaped and perform flooring jobs easily. Today’s flooring nail guns are most pneumatic, so you’ll stay away from putting extra pressure on your muscles.

  • Brad nailer

Brad nailerThese are just like finish nail guns, but for finer trimming jobs. High-gauge nails are driven with the help of Brad nailers. For example: if you want to construct a doll house, you’ll need a 18 or 23-gauge brad nailer for beading. These nailers come with a bigger head and a thin bar. If you are making cabinets, a brad nailer should always be in your tool kit.

  • Concrete nail gun

Concrete nail gunAs the name speaks, this powerfully built type of nail gun drives nails directly into the concrete. Concrete nail guns are not a part of carpenter’s or a DIYer’s tool kit normally, because they are mainly useful for industrial purposes. However, you should recognize this as another type of nail gun.


When it comes to choosing a nail gun, you face multiple options. Different types of nail guns have certain advantages and disadvantages. One type of nail gun is appropriate for one task, but is ill-suited for the other. The choice of nail gun depends highly upon the task you’re doing. For large scale projects, a powerful and efficient pneumatic framing nailer is what you should buy. It could be useful for flooring, fencing, constructing decks, or building trusses.

Small projects require mobility, so you should use a cordless nail gun is recommended. An electric nail gun is suitable for daily home tasks like repairing furniture or building small models. The same goes for finishing, trimming, and flooring jobs.